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EPA Clean Heavy-Duty Vehicle Program by US Environmental Protection Agency

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March 23, 2024

The Clean Heavy-Duty Vehicle Program is a major component of the Inflation Reduction Act that aims to accelerate the transition to zero-emission heavy-duty vehicles and supporting infrastructure. The program provides $1 billion in funding from now until 2031, with $400 million specifically allocated for communities in non-attainment areas for air quality standards.

The program has several key elements:

Vehicle Replacement The EPA will offer grants and/or rebates to eligible recipients to replace existing class 6 and 7 heavy-duty vehicles like delivery trucks, refuse trucks, utility trucks, school buses, and day cab tractors with new zero-emission vehicles powered by electric or hydrogen fuel cell technologies.

Infrastructure Support Funding will be provided to build out charging and fueling infrastructure needed to support the deployment of these zero-emission heavy-duty vehicles.

EPA Clean Heavy-Duty Vehicle Program by US Environmental Protection Agency

Workforce Development The program allocates funding for workforce training and development to ensure there is a skilled workforce able to maintain and service these new vehicle technologies.

Planning & Technical Assistance Funds are available for planning activities, technical analysis, and other support for communities adopting these zero-emission heavy vehicle technologies.

The EPA conducted public outreach in 2022-2023 by issuing Requests for Information and holding public listening sessions to gather stakeholder input that will inform program design and implementation. Key areas they solicited feedback on included:

  • Availability and production capacity of zero-emission heavy vehicles/equipment
  • Vehicle performance, maintenance requirements, costs and pricing data
  • Infrastructure deployment best practices
  • Workforce training needs
  • Domestic manufacturing capabilities

The EPA aims to release a Notice of Funding Opportunity with full program details and the application process in early spring 2024. Upgrading heavily polluting heavy-duty vehicle fleets to zero-emission technologies aligns with the EPA’s mission to improve air quality and reduce greenhouse gas emissions that contribute to climate change.

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